Vicksburg Texas Events
Welcome to what many historians consider the turning point of the war, the Battle of Vicksburg, Texas. This was the first major battle in the Civil War between the United States and the Confederate States of America.
After the capitulation of Port Hudson on July 9, the Mississippi was firmly in union hands and the Confederacy split in two. The Vicksburg campaign continued with smaller actions, but the fortified city fell during this. By the end of the year, the Union controlled or controlled the entire Mississippi, with the capture of Fort Sumter on August 1, 1862. After the Battle of Vickersburg, the Confederate capital, in August 1863, they were split in half. In August 1864, after the defeat of Confederate troops at Fort Hood, Texas, by the US Army of South Carolina, it was divided into two parts and controlled by the Union.
The Mississippi was open again to northern trade to reach the Gulf of Mexico, and Union steamships could now dock by the dozen on the Yazoo River. On July 9, Texas and Arkansas were effectively cut off from the Confederacy, and the Confederates were no longer required to clear Haynes Bluff, which was occupied by Sherman's cavalry on May 19. The delay allowed them to build Fort Pemberton to push back the naval forces and evacuate from Vicksburg to Fort Hood. Union steamships ran out of guns at Vickersburg, but now they could not dock.
Over the next 17 days Grant maneuvered his army inland, attacked and attacked Vicksburg, besieged it, won five battles and captured the state capital of Jackson, Mississippi. On May 1, he won the Battle of Port Gibson and was driven northeast, but he moved eastward and marched through the vital supply lines that connected Vickersburg to Jackson. He won battles at Port Gibbons and Raymond, then crossed the Mississippi at Bruinsburg south of Vickburg, and forced Pemberton to retreat west, conquering Jackson (Mississippi) and its capital on May 22.
Grant then initiated a diversion that eventually allowed him to cross the river south of Vicksburg. After taking the rest of his army to Mississippi Central Railroad, Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman advanced on the Yazoo River and tried to reach Vickersburg from the northeast. Sherman suggested that they march south on the west side of the Mississippi, with Confederate gunboats attacking Union shipping on that river from their base. At that time, given the location of Vicksburgh, it took some time to march south and west on both sides and then to enter the city south.
The conquest of Vicksburg was thus completed and the war on a large scale came to Vickersburg, with Union troops moving over the city from the north, east and south. As one of the major ports on the Mississippi and a major shipping route for the Confederates, it was a threatening symbol of Confederate defiance and closed the lower Mississippi River to unhindered federal traffic. In May 1863, only a few hundred metres of shoreline between the two cities were in the hands of the Union.
The armies crossed the river south of Vicksburg, attacked from the south and east, joined forces at Banks, and then reduced Vickersburg to its most vulnerable position at the mouth of the Mississippi. Military historians divide the campaign into three major campaigns: the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of Gettsburg, and the Siege of Memphis. The fighting led to the greatest defeat of any other armed conflict the United States had ever experienced, from Schilsoh to Vickburg-Gettburg. Key battles included taking New Orleans, Fort Sumter, New York City and Washington, D.C.
Visitors will learn that the last major Confederate offensive of the war was the Battle of Blountville, fought by General Joseph Johnston against advancing troops. Union troops drove the Confederates out of the country, and victory forced Confederate troops back into Georgia, ended the siege of Chattanooga, and created the first U.S. military base in the South since the Civil War. The battleground of Vickburg - Gettburg State Park is preserved as the site of another great battle, the Battle of Shiloh, as well as another important battle in Confederate history, the Battle of Blountville, which took place on July 7, 1863, just a few miles south of Vicksburg - Gettberg.
The Siege of Vicksburg, Scott's "Anaconda Plan," which at the beginning of the Civil War aimed to block the southern ports and divide the South by advancing along the Mississippi, was concluded with the Siege of Vickburg - Gettburg on July 7, 1863 and the subsequent Battle of Blountville. The Anacondas Plan, devised by the US Army Corps of Engineers and General William Scott, aims to divide and defeat the Confederacy by sealing off the east and south coasts and controlling the Mississippi. Confederate troops and formed the Transmisss Mississippi Corps, which provided the manpower and materials needed for the rest of the Southern military machines. The Confederates, determined to recapture the freed and destroy the crop, launched an attack on the Confederate capital, St. Louis, Missouri, on Lake Charles, Louisiana.